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                      浚縣泥咕咕
                      點擊: 次  發布時間:2015/4/5 21:12:13


                      一、泥咕咕作品展示


                      泥古古作品展示.jpg


                      二、泥咕咕簡介


                          浚縣泥咕咕已有三大類50多個品種。主要有以三國、水滸和瓦崗

                      軍為原型的人物。以及老虎、獅子、大象和燕子、斑鳩、孔雀等形象的動物和飛禽。古老樸素、逗人喜愛的泥咕咕寄托了勞動人民對生活的熱愛和對未來的希望。

                          浚縣泥咕咕的特點是以黑色為底色,然后在底色上用自制的毛筆點畫出各種花樣。彩繪是以黑色、棕色打底,再描繪上白土粉、大紅、大綠、大藍、大黃等條紋,大都用原彩色,很少用調和過的中間色。顏色以蛋黃調制而成,能使色彩起明發亮,對比強烈。浚縣泥咕咕造型古樸拙雅,加之漢族民間大紅大綠的著色,使作品美感頓生。

                          浚縣泥咕咕還是以小手工作坊生產為主。農閑時節,全家男女老少圍坐在一起,邊制作邊說笑,氣氛熱烈,和泥、造型各司其職,技藝嫻熟,制作出來的泥咕咕晾干透后,再在自家的小土窯進行燒制。一到那個時節,每家每戶的窗臺上、墻頭上、灶臺上,到處都擺滿他們精心制作的泥咕咕。


                      三、泥咕咕的制作形式


                          浚縣泥咕咕一般有四種制作形式。一是模具制作,有扁頭獅、小燕子、小丫鬟等;二是手工捏制,有小馬、小猴、豬八戒;三是模子和手捏相結合,有騎馬人等;四是在泥玩具身上加鋼絲、彈簧,有活頭馬、活頭獅子等。藝人們用的泥料和工具都非常簡單。就地取材,把村邊的黃膠泥挖回家,加水和成泥巴,用木棍捶打幾遍,使其變得柔軟細膩,如面團一般。工具是一根竹棍兒,削成一頭粗一頭尖,用以雕畫泥玩具的鼻、眼、嘴和身上地花紋。再根據其形狀,在不同地部位打眼通孔,用嘴能吹出不同的聲音,群眾稱它為咕咕小哨兒。


                      四、泥咕咕歷史溯源


                          據《資治通鑒》載,隋末農民起義軍與隋軍爭奪黎陽倉(當時浚縣稱黎陽),瓦崗軍首領李密手下有一員叫楊圯的大將在此屯兵,得楊圯屯村名。當時軍中有一些士兵會捏泥人,為紀念在戰場上陣亡的將士和戰馬,他們用當地的膠泥捏塑泥人、泥馬。后來軍隊中一些人員就地安置,這門手藝便流傳下來。


                      五、工藝特點


                          作為一種漢族民間工藝,其制作工具主要是塑型的竹筒和竹棍,制作者利用這些器具,經過和水、捶制等工序,將當地的黃膠泥塑成作品,然后蘸上松香(現改為墨汁)、洋顏色(現改為水粉顏料)、用自制的麻筆(現改為毛筆)在塑型坯上涂繪,多以黑色為底色,然后再以紅、黃、藍、綠等比較鮮艷的顏色繪出各種圖案,與黑底形成強烈的對比,再用清漆罩上一層,放入高與寬約一米左右的磚砌小土窯焙燒。




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